The Action Mechanism of Rotor-Stator Interaction on Hydraulic and Hydroacoustic Characteristics of a Jet Centrifugal Pump Impeller and Performance Improvement
Guo, Rong1,2; Li, Rennian1,2; Zhang, Renhui1,2; Han, Wei1,2
2020-02
Source PublicationWATER
Volume12Issue:2
AbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the action mechanism of the rotor-stator interaction (RSI) on the transient flow field and hydrodynamic noise field inside the impeller of jet centrifugal pumps (JCPs) and optimize effects of the guide vane on the hydraulic and hydroacoustic characteristics of the impeller. The numerical method of CFD (computational fluid dynamics) coupled with CFA (computational fluid acoustics) was used to analyze the correlation between the guide vane and the flow/sound performances of the impeller. The orthogonal test method, with the hydroacoustic performance of the impeller taken as the objective, was used to optimize the structural parameters of the guide vane for the stability of the hydraulic performance of the JCP. The results show that the RSI leads to a significant increase in the hydroacoustic level of the impeller, but it is indispensable for improving the hydraulic performance of the pump. The RSI effect on the fluctuation intensity of the transient flow field inside the impeller is much more sensitive than the time-average, and the fluctuation intensity of the flow field is positively correlated with the vortex intensity inside the impeller. When the impeller geometry is constant, the evolution processes of the flow field inside the impeller are mainly related to the blade number of the guide vane; when the number of guide vanes is given, the RSI effect on the hydroacoustic characteristic of the impeller is characterized by a positive correlation between the total sound pressure level (SPL) and the fluctuation intensity of the flow field. The frequency spectrum characteristics of the hydroacoustic SPL of the impeller are not consistent with the pressure fluctuation characteristics inside the impeller. The pressure fluctuation characteristics are related not only to the blade number and speed of the impeller but also to its wake characteristics determined by the guide vane. The optimization scheme for the stable hydraulic performance of the JCP significantly reduced the total SPL of the impeller compared with the original scheme, which verifies the feasibility of using the weight matrix optimization method to obtain the global optimization scheme.
Keywordjet centrifugal pump rotor-stator interaction hydraulic performance hydroacoustic characteristics sound pressure level optimization
DOI10.3390/w12020465
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNatural Science Foundation of China[51579125] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFB0200901]
WOS Research AreaWater Resources
WOS SubjectWater Resources
WOS IDWOS:000519846500156
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.lut.edu.cn/handle/2XXMBERH/64152
Collection能源与动力工程学院
Corresponding AuthorGuo, Rong; Li, Rennian
Affiliation1.Lanzhou Univ Technol, Sch Energy & Power Engn, Lanzhou 730050, Peoples R China
2.Key Lab Fluid Machinery & Syst, Lanzhou 730050, Gansu Province, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationColl Energy & Power Engn
Corresponding Author AffilicationColl Energy & Power Engn
First Signature AffilicationColl Energy & Power Engn
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Guo, Rong,Li, Rennian,Zhang, Renhui,et al. The Action Mechanism of Rotor-Stator Interaction on Hydraulic and Hydroacoustic Characteristics of a Jet Centrifugal Pump Impeller and Performance Improvement[J]. WATER,2020,12(2).
APA Guo, Rong,Li, Rennian,Zhang, Renhui,&Han, Wei.(2020).The Action Mechanism of Rotor-Stator Interaction on Hydraulic and Hydroacoustic Characteristics of a Jet Centrifugal Pump Impeller and Performance Improvement.WATER,12(2).
MLA Guo, Rong,et al."The Action Mechanism of Rotor-Stator Interaction on Hydraulic and Hydroacoustic Characteristics of a Jet Centrifugal Pump Impeller and Performance Improvement".WATER 12.2(2020).
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