IR
石羊河流域农户生计风险研究
Project Number41401653
苏芳
Abstract农户的生计风险是当今农村社会建设的核心问题。基于农户最大限度地应对生计风险的心理及解决“三农”问题中的农户生计安全问题,开展生计风险研究是农户自身发展的客观要求。石羊河流域是我国四大内陆河流域中,生态系统承载的人口密度最大、生态退化最为触目惊心的区域,开展生计风险研究更为迫切。因此,本项目以石羊河流域为研究区,以可持续生计分析框架为分析工具,通过在研究区开展社会调查,确定农户生计资本现状,并以生计资本和生计预期为基础,划分不同的生计策略组群;辨析不同组群农户所面临的生计风险的类别、产生原因、发生频率及影响范围与程度,并对不同组群农户所面临的生计风险进行定量化测度;在此基础上,分析生计风险对生计资本的影响、评估农户生计策略对生计风险的响应,最终尝试总结农户生计风险的应对策略库,从而为降低农户生计风险,保障农户生计安全提出合理化的建议。【英文摘要】Thelivelihoodriskforfarmersisthecoreprobleminthecurrentprocessofsocialconstructioninruralareas.Basedonthepsychologytorespondlivelihoodrisksmaximallyandissuewithfarmers'livelihoodsecurityinthreeruraltopic,theresearchaboutlivelihoodrisksisanobjectiverequirementwithowndevelopmentforfarmers.Meanwhile,ShiyangRiverBasinhostedthelargestpopulationdensity,thehighestintensityofeconomicactivity,themostseriousareaofecologicaldegradationamongfourInlandRiverBasins.Theresearchaboutlivelihoodrisksismoreurgentsimultaneouslyrelatedresearchlagsfarbehindotherinlandriverbasin.BythesurveyaboutlivelihoodstatusintheShiyangriverbasin,thelivelihoodstatusquoandlivelihoodexpectedaresummarizedinthisstudy.Basedonlivelihoodcapitalsandlivelihoodexpected,farmersaredividedintodifferentgroupsforlivelihoodstrategies.Bytheanalysisaboutlivelihoodsriskcategories,causes,scopeandfrequencyofoccurrenceanddegreeofimpact,livelihoodrisksareestimatedquantitativelyfordifferentgroupsforlivelihoodstrategies.Onthisbasis,thestudyanalyzestheinfluenceonlivelihoodcapitalsintheassaultofvariousrisksaswellasresponsewithlivelihoodstrategyforfarmersbytheSustainableLivelihoodsFramework.Finally,thestudytriestosummarystrategieslibrarytocopewithrisksforfarmersandproposesreasonablesuggestionsandopinionsinordertoreducelivelihoodriskandsafeguardlivelihoodsecurityoffarmersinruralareas.
Subtype青年科学基金项目
Project Source国家自然科学基金
2015-01
End Date2017-12
MOST Discipline Catalogue08 - 地球科学 ; 0801 - 地理学
Host Institution兰州理工大学
Project Funding250000.0
CountryCN
Language中文
Document Type项目
Identifierhttp://ir.lut.edu.cn/handle/2XXMBERH/64742
Collection兰州理工大学
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
苏芳.石羊河流域农户生计风险研究.2015.
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